Mood and personality changes in the patients undergone coronary angiography

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ABSTRACT
Objective: Changes in health status and psychopathology can cause alterations in some personality
traits. The aim of this study is to search the change of major personality characteristics, anxiety and
depression levels before and after coronary angiography application in the patients who were
undergone elective diagnostic coronary angiography first time in their life. Methods: Thirty four male
and 22 female who admitted to cardiology policlinic due to chest pain and in whom elective diagnostic
coronary angiography was indicated were included in the study. To these patients, Hospital Anxiety
and Depression Scale (HADS) and Eysenck Personality Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (EPQRSF)
were applied just before and two weeks after the coronary angiography test. Obtained data in
points before and after angiography were compared statistically. Results: Fifty six patients were
included, 22 of them were female. 26 of all didn’t have any pathology which necessiated medical
treatent while 30 patients were diagnosed to have coronary artery disease (CAD). The preangiograpfy
points of the patients without coronary artery disease (n=26) from HADS anxiety subquestionnaire and
EPQ-RSF neuroticism subquestionnaire were found to be statistically higher than those of the patients
with coronary artery disease (n=30) while points from EPQ-RSF extraversion subquestionnaire were
statistically higher in patients with CAD. In respect to the questionnaire given two weeks after coronary
angiography; EPQ-RSF extraversion subquestionnaire points of the patients without CAD were
statitically higher while HADS anxiety subquestionnaire and EPQ-RSF neuroticism subquestionnaire
points of the patients with CAD were found to be statitically higher compared to the other group.
Conclusion: According to the results obtained, the complaints of significant number of patients
undergone coronary angiography were composed of psychosomatically originated psychopathologies
in reality. And also this study showed that psychiatric disorders such as anxiety and depression
increased together with appearence of neurotic personality traits when the people learned
impairement in their health status
Keywords: Anxiety; Coronary Angiography; Depression; Extraversion; Neuroticism

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