Personality Traits and Common Psychiatric Conditions in Adult Patients with Acne Vulgaris

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Background: We believe that instances of neuroticism and
common psychiatric disorders are higher in adults with acne
vulgaris than the normal population. Objective: Instances of
acne in adults have been increasing in frequency in recent
years. The aim of this study was to investigate personality
traits and common psychiatric conditions in patients with
adult acne vulgaris. Methods: Patients who visited the
dermatology outpatient clinic at Bozok University Medical
School with a complaint of acne and who volunteered for this
study were included. The Symptom Checklist 90-Revised
(SCL 90-R), Global Symptom Index (GSI), somatization,
depression, and anxiety subscales and the Eysenck Personality
Questionnaire-Revised Short Form (EPQ-RSF) were administered
to 40 patients who fulfilled the inclusion criteria
before treatment. The results were compared with those of a
control group. Results: Of the 40 patients included in this
study, 34 were female and 6 were male. The GSI and the
somatization, depression, and anxiety subscales of the SCL
90-R were evaluated. Patients with adult acne had statistically
significant higher scores than the control group on all
of these subscales. In addition, patients with adult acne had
statistically significantly higher scores on the neuroticism
subscale of the EPQ-RSF. Conclusion: Our results show that
common psychiatric conditions are frequent in adult patients
with acne. More importantly, neurotic personality characteristics
are observed more frequently in these patients.


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